Sheikh Lotfollah Mosque
This mosque has got place on the east side of Naqsh-e Jahan Square and in front of Ali Qapu palace. The mosque is a masterpiece of architecture and tiling in eighteenth century which was structured by Mohammadreza Esfahani who was one of the most famous architecture of the that time. The mosque has been created by the order of Abbas I Persia and its structure lasted eighteen years. It was called Sadr Mosque and Fathollah Mosque during Safavid era. Sheikh Lotfollah Mosque is one of the most famous historical sites in the world. It is located on the east side of Naqsh-e Jahan Square and in front of Ali Qapu palace and also near to Imam Mosque(Shah Mosque).
Who was Sheikh Lotfollah?
Sheikh Lotfollah was one of the greatest Islamic scholars in Jabal Amel or today Lebanon. He had migrated to Isfahan by the order of Abbas I Persia. Sheikh Lotfollah Mosque has been built to teach and worship and in celebration of him.
The Dome of the mosque
Its dome is low and is decorated with arabesque. The dome is so eye-catching. Elaborate designs and colors used in tiling art of the dome make it as one of the most beautiful architectures in Iran. The light inside the mosque is funded via the latticed windows that have been made in various aspects of the dome. A beam that shines through the windows into the mosque, in addition to creating adequate lighting, displays their own supposed spiritual space.
A peacock pattern is designed in the center of the interior dome that its feathers are completed through the light that is entered inside from the vault at the top of the entrance door.
There used to be a beautiful octagon pool (Howz) in front of the mosque which was always full of water. The pool has been destroyed in the late Qajar.
Sheikh Lotfollah Mosque does not have Sahn (a courtyard in Islamic architecture) and Minaret (lighthouse or Goldaste) which is an inseparable part of the Islamic architectures.
The entrance door of the mosque is doubled and is made of the Plane tree wood. This door is still stable after four hundred years.