Iran has one of the oldest cultures in Middle East and the whole world. Iranian people culture has been influenced by other cultures and people because of its geopolitical position. Such as Italy, Macedonia, Greece, Russia and Arabian Peninsula.
The majority of Iranian population is formed by the Persians (about 51% or 65%). Other ethno-linguistic groups are: Azerbaijanis (16 – 25%), Kurds (7 – 10%), Lurs (7%), Mazandaranis and Gilakis (7%), Arabs (2 – 3%), Balochi (2%) and Turkmens (2%). Also there are numerous minor groups such as Talysh, Tats, Khamseh, Qashqai, etc. that have about 1% of Iran’s population.
Iranian Ethnic Costumes
Traditional kurdish dress is one of the most beautiful Iranian costumes and the beauty of women’s dress in this region is really more; their long and mostly wrinkled skirt convinced any one who look at it.
Azerbaijani dress represents the ethnographic, historic, artistic and creative features of Azerbaijan, and these things are reflected in their dress. Azerbaijani men and women dresses divided in to 3 parts of outerwear, headdresses and shoes.
The dresses of lurish women are loose and long with simple cuttings and floral patterns in variety of colors. Lurish women traditional clothes have different constituent parts such as ” Kolonje” ” Sardary” or ” Kamar chin” and ” Jelika”. Lurish men clothes are simple with less decorative elements which are known as “Shaal” and “Setra” in luristan.
“Jame” is a kind of dress which is made of fabric “Chit or Chelvar”, and those with a high quality are made of silk, also they have black or blue trousers “Tamun” which are made of material name as “Karbs”.
Scarf and headband “Lachak”, dress or ” Jame”, vest, “Aljageba” wich is made of velvet, skirt with a lot of wrinkels “Shalite”, trousers and waistveil that Gilaki women wrap it on their waists, are some of the main parts of traditional women dresses of this region.
“Dishdasha” is a long ankle-length garment and it is usually white. There are two kinds of Dishdasha; the Iraqi one “with collar” and the on for Emirates “no collar”. The “Abaya” or “Aba” is a black veil worn by Arab’s women.
Baluch women put on colorful dresses with “Jamak” or “Pajamak” which are men’s trousers but it has been changed with women’s elegance for women to wear. They also wear “Teko” or “Chargad” kind of a veil and “Serig” the scarf smaller than a veil.
Turkmen’s women wear long, colorful dresses which are made of silk. The dominant color of Turkmen’s women dress is red so they name it as ” Girmiz konik”, also it has some needle crafts on the color and at the edge of the sleeves.